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|HMS Queen Elizabeth|
HMS Queen Elizabeth
Scrapped 7th July 1948.
HMS Queen Elizabeth was built at Portsmouth, re-engined at Fairfield and launched on the 16th October 1913. She was the sister ship to HMS Warspite, Valiant, Barham, and Malaya. HMS Queen Elizabeth was the only ship of the class to have a full compliment of sixteen 6-inch guns, and was the only ship of the class not be be involved during the Battle of Jutland. But her first world war service included being part of the Dardanelles campaign. She bombarded the forts on the narrows in the support of the Gallipoli landings between February 25th and May 14th 1915. She fired a total of 86 15-inch shells and 71 6-inch shells, because of the short supply of 15-inch shells and a direct order from the Admiralty not to wear out her guns. After the battle of Jutland, during which she was in refit, she became the flagship of the Home Fleet in February 1917. HMS Queen Elizabeth had to major refits between the wars. At the start of World War Two she was in the middle of her second refit, being reconstructed at Portsmouth, but due to the chance of enemy bombing she was moved to Rosyth, and was completed and ready for service in May 1941. HMS Queen Elizabeth was transferred to the Mediterranean fleet. It was at Alexandria, along with her sister ship HMS Valiant that both ships were mined by Italian frogmen. HMS Queen Elizabeth sank in shallow water, but was raised and temporarily repaired. Due to the serious damage she had sustained she was transferred to the US Navy Yard in Norfolk, being repaired there between September 1942 and1st June 1943. She joined the Eastern fleet and from January 1944 onwards was joined by HMS Valiant and took part in the carrier raids in Indonesia against Japanese bases, returning to Britain in July 1945. She was finally scrapped at Dalmuir on the Clyde from 7th July 1948 and also partly at Troon (hull only).
Sold for scrap 19th March 1948, eventually scrapped at Troon two years later.
HMS Valiant was built by Fairfield and launched 4th November 1914. She took part at the battle of Jutland avoiding any hits. During World War Two, HMS Valiant was badly damaged by delayed action mines, set by Italian Frogmen at Alexandria. She made her way to Durban, South Africa for repairs. HMS Valiant joined the British eastern fleet in January 1944 and took part in carrier raids against Japanese bases in Indonesia. HMS Valiant was badly damaged during refit in a floating dock at Trincomalee, Ceylon, so bad was the damage that repairs were stopped, and she was used as a training hulk for stokers at Devonport. She was scrapped at Cairnryan and Troon between November 1948 and March 1950.
Displacement: 29,700 Speed: 23.0 knots Compliment: 950 and up to 1,220 in 1918 Armament: Eight 15-inch guns in pairs and fourteen 6 -inch guns. Two 3 inch Anti Aircraft Guns in 1917, two 4-inch anti aircraft guns.
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